Differences between Through-Hole and Surface-Mount Technologies in PCb Fabrication

Over the last few years, the popularity of surface-mount technology (SMT) has grown wider. SMT is one of the methods we use in PCB fabrication. While the other method, through-hole technology, is still relevant in some applications, SMT is more preferable for many manufacturers.

You may take a few moments to try to learn about both of these methods, and you will surely thoroughly understand their main differences, unique features, and why SMT is the more preferred option than through-hole.

Through-Hole Technology

PCBManufacturers have used through-hole technology for so many years to construct almost every printed circuit board. This mounting method uses leads on electrical components that are inserted into holes. These components were drilled on the board and soldered to pads located on the opposite side. This type of technology is quite reliable because it offers strong mechanical bonds, but the extra drilling makes the PCB manufacturing much more expensive.

In addition, the holes create limitations when it comes to the available pathways for signal traces on the board’s layers, which are directly under the top layer on multi-sided PCBs. These are only two of the various reasons why SMT became really more popular than through-hole during the 1980s.

Surface-Mount Technology

As an alternative to drilling holes during PCB fabrication, SMT allows electrical components to be directly placed or mounted on the surface of the board. In general, the components we use in SMT are smaller compared to their counterparts in through-hole method. This is because SMT either uses smaller lead components or no leads at all. Since the printed circuit board of surface-mount devices (SMDs) do not involve as many drilled holes, and their components are smaller, it makes it possible for higher circuit densities on smaller PCBs. This is particularly important because the electronics today are becoming more compact and more complex. Moreover, SMT is typically less expensive compared to through-hole technology.

Main Differences

There are many differences between these two types of technology in PCB fabrication, but some of the key distinctions include the following:

  • SMT addresses the space issues common to through-hole technology.
  • Components in SMT have smaller or no leads and we directly mount them to the PCB, while components in through-hole method require lead wires that are inserted to drilled holes.
  • In SMT, the pin count is higher compared to through-hole mounting.
  • Since components in SMT are more compact, there is a much higher packing density achieved in this method than through-hole.
  • SMT allow assembly automation during manufacturing, which makes it much more preferable for production with high volumes at less expensive costs compared to through-hole.
  • SMT is usually less expensive during the PCB fabrication, but the capital initially needed for investing in equipment is higher than through-hole.
  • Because of the reduced size of PCBs in SMT, it becomes easier to have higher circuit speeds.
  • SMT requires a really advanced design, skill, technology, and production.
  • When it comes to huge, bulky components, high-voltage and high-power parts, and components that are prone to repeated mechanical stress, through-hole technology is usually the more preferred method.

There are cases wherein through-hole technology is still used in modern PCB manufacturing, but mostly, surface-mount technology is far more superior.

Choosing a PCB Manufacturer That Offers Surface-Mount Technology

The cost to buy the machinery and equipment necessary for SMT is really high, so a lot of small electronics companies are having a difficult time to benefit from this efficient method of PCB fabrication. If you are one of them, it will be in your best interest to look for a manufacturer that offers these kinds of services like www.pcbnet.com.

We can help you integrate surface-mount technology into the design and manufacturing of your printed circuit boards without the need of buying and maintaining costly machineries. We assure you that we are knowledgeable about the best and the latest technological advancements in PCB manufacturing. We also know and apply the best practices for producing complex devices.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Using Golf Grips

Just like any other products offered in the market today, golf grips also have pros and cons that users need to consider before buying them. And there is this essential factor in golf that we also need to know about. If things are hard to grasp, we need to make use of the right grip in order to accurately hit the ball right through the hole. Top secret in golfing is to properly grip the club since it affects almost everything that is happening when making every stroke or swing. With Rockbottomgolf, you are sure to get the perfect ideas to help you find the right grip size you need.

Golf-GripsExperienced golfers know that grip is more important than alignment, posture, or stance. However, it’s still crucial to understand that there are numerous ways to do things right as well as doing them wrong. So be sure to learn the professional way of performing the grip to ensure a score. As a matter of fact, professional golfers demonstrate the individual nature of grips. It really doesn’t matter what kind of brand you have for your golf grips. What matters more is the ability to hold the club along with the right size of grip that is used by the golfer.

Understanding How Important Grips Are

Whether you want to execute a weak, neutral, or strong grip, Rockbottomgolf got your needs covered. Our company has been in this business for years and we’re glad to have established deep connection with our customers across the globe. By sorting out all important things needed in golfing, you will certainly enjoy the whole experience in the greens. To help you know more about the various styles, noteworthy golfers, and a breakdown of the advantages as well as disadvantages of grip types, we will share to you the following insights related to golf grips:

1.  Interlocking grip

This grip is done by putting your pinky finger in between the middle and index finger while locking your hand together. This is popularly demonstrated by Tiger Woods, Nicklaus, Bubba Watson and Rory Mcllroy. On its advantage, it was actually used by Woods and Nicklaus back in the days as the greatest golfers of the time. For the disadvantage, some golfers say that interlocking grip is awkward and uncomfortable.

2. Overlapping or Vardon grip

Golf GripsMost professional golfers choose this kind of grip as it was popularized by Harry Vardon, an excellent golfer from England during the 20th century. This is performed by placing your pinky finger on top of a small gap in between the middle and index fingers. The famous golfers who also used this are Matt Kuchar, Phil Mickelson, Arnold Palmer, and Ben Hogan. The advantage of this is that you can easily overlap your hand to freely move when striking the golf ball. Others claim that this is really comfortable to use while holding the club securely. The disadvantage is that those with weak or small hands will find it hard to manipulate the golf club when they try to overlap their grip.

3.  Neutral grip

This is considered to be an ideal grip since it perfectly aligns your hands with the club-face. The grip is neutral in a way that the knuckles are seen when hitting the ball. The famous golfers who used this are Adam Scott, Ernie Els and Nicklaus. The advantage is that there are no manipulations needed in order to square the club-face. By itself, this grip doesn’t cause hooks or slices while making it simpler to strike the ball in the right direction. The only disadvantage is that other golfers believe that this is uncomfortable and unnatural to do.

4.  Weak grip

This is called weak grip because there is less effort exerted when holding the club. All you need to do is rotate your hand to your left while holding the club. The golfers who used this are Curtis Strange, Corey Pavin and Hogan. The advantage is keeping the club—face open in order to support higher strike and more backspin. The disadvantage is that it’s said to cause slices and difficulty in releasing the club due to strong impact.

5.  Strong grip

Two knuckles are seen when doing a strong hold. In the early days, this was used by Dustin Johnson, Paul Azinger, and Couples. The advantage is the natural ways of holding the golf club while allowing the arms in rotating freely when making a strike. The disadvantage is that strong grippers sometimes get a closed club-face causing them to become hook-prone.
If you want to know more about our golf grips, please done hesitate to call us today.

 

Most professional golfers choose this kind of Golf Grip as it was popularized by Harry Vardon, an excellent golfer from England during the 20th century. Visit our Website www.rockbottomgolf.com for more Details.

Be a Motivational Speaker and Gain a Career

Articulation is a skill but eloquence is a gift. It’s easy for people to study and master languages but only a few can communicate properly. Communicating is a process that involves the efficient relaying of information to gain the appropriate response from the receiver. Similarly, motivational speaking is the art of using speech to persuade mentalities and solicit change.

Being a motivational speaker requires the ability to speak in public with vigor and confidence. There are various types of public speakers so choose from our list below:

Personality Development

Personality Development speakers are those that specialize in improving self-esteem through positive reinforcement. The speaker often uses psychological methods and concepts to drive his points. This speaker banks on letting find their life purpose in order to encourage a change or action.

Business Guru

Business speakers focus on enhancing the “go getter” attitude of the business people. He relates his story of success in order to convince people that a mere change of mindset could trigger good fortune. Increase in profit and sales are only a few of the goals that this guru emphasizes.

Motivational Speaker

Youth Coach

A youth speaker is a person who aims to ensure that children will lead a healthy lifestyle. Most of the time, these speakers have also experienced difficult situations during their childhood that’s why they wish to empower them. |A youth motivational speakeris normally the same age to gain a sense of friendship from the audience. The speaker emphasizes studying well, good morals and social responsibility and guides his listeners to achieving realizations. They also usually become counselors frequenting churches, schools, playgrounds and other areas where children stay. These people are often responsible for empowering child victims, abandoned or orphaned youth or street children to lead better and fruitful lives.

Community Motivational Speaker

Inspirational speakers in communities often target places where poverty is common and often times they initiate community projects to enrich the lives of their audiences. They provide empowerment to communities and persuade them to be self-sufficient.

Motivational Speakers

If you plan on pursuing inspirational speaking as a career, consider the following:

  • Choose a specialty and focus on enhancing your skills
    While you might consider becoming a jack of all trades, you should know that business owners tend to search for speakers according to specialization. In other words, it’s more likely that you’ll be given an invitation if you work on establishing your brand in a particular field. Besides, by having a specialization, you’ll have less trouble coming up with an appropriate talk.
  • Choose a target audience and study them
    There’s nothing more embarrassing than failing to connect with your audience. That’s why you’ll have to ask the one who hired you about the characteristics of those who will be attending the event. Consider their needs and preferences, as well as their unique language. By becoming more relatable to the crowd, you increase your chances of connecting with them from start to finish.
  • Learn power words
    It’s not enough to broaden your vocabulary. You need to specifically learn about words that make a crowd eager about taking action. Finding power words isn’t difficult at all – you may simply view pep talks online or read inspiring books. Eventually, you’ll get to stumble upon a few on your own.
  • Learn appropriate gestures and language for public speaking
    Getting a point across or motivating the crowd isn’t as easy as standing in front and speaking. It’s also about non-verbal communication. You’ll have to make sure that your actions on stage don’t contradict the points you’re trying to make. For example, if you’re talking about acceptance, you probably shouldn’t cross your arms.
  • Learn to communicate with feelings and be empathetic
    If you’re trying to tackle a concern in a company or organization, you need to be extra sensitive towards the needs of the audience. That way, you’ll manage to find the answers to their questions and you won’t come off as someone who’s just forcibly trying to connect his own experiences with those of the crowd.
  • Learn how to speak with authority but also with kindness
    While being sensitive towards your audience’s needs and experiences is important, you shouldn’t forget that you have to make it clear that you’re an authority – and it’s why you’ve been tasked to speak in front of them. Becoming too friendly could prove to be problematic as the crowd might not take you seriously.

Becoming a motivational speaker isn’t among the easiest of endeavors. However, as long as you continue to improve yourself, you’ll eventually attain the success and recognition you deserve.

If you are looking for hire a motivational speaker or be a motivational speaker, visit motivational-speaker-success or contact to us.

Steps to Take in Buying Real Estate Property in Nassau County

Home prices in Nassau County declined in the past few years. Meaning, this may be a good time to do a Nassau County property search.You may find that the house you want to buy a few years ago is now less expensive.

Real EstateBeing a first-time home buyer is daunting especially with all the many closing costs that you need to pay. You also have to consider the long-term effect.

You have to do evaluations so you make the right decisions.What are the steps that you need to take to make the buying process smooth and worry free?Read on to know them.

  • Evaluate your purpose

Why are you buying the house? If you are planning to stay for a year or two, it is best to put off buying a new home. It may be best to rent instead.

Buying a home is expensive.You will not get the worth of your money if you won’t longer than five years.

Though selling your property is easy in Nassau County, it may become difficult when the economy is down and purchasing power becomes restricted.

  • Establish your Budget

Buying your home costs more than a third of your income; thus, you need to establish how much you can afford. Think of the down payment you have to pay before you can purchase the house.

Real EstatesUsually, the property sellers require at least 7% to 10% of the total price as down. Meaning, you have to raise the amount required and pay in cash.The rest is paid through a mortgage loan.It is important to create a realistic budget.

Make sure that you can pay the mortgage for the next years to avoid foreclosure issues. Moreover, you have to consider insurance and maintenance costs.

  • Conduct a Nassau County Property search

There are sites available on the Internet where you can conduct a property search. Information also includes a general overview of the neighborhood, the type of the house and other pertinent matters that you should know.
Alternatively, you can do an ocular inspection of the county you are eyeing for to buy the property.

Visit the local county’s clerk office to obtain records such as crime rate, property values. Doing this gives you the actual feeling of being in the neighborhood.

  • Perform a neighborhood research

Amenities such as restaurants, grocery mart, schools should be part of your evaluation. If you are moving in, make sure that the comforts that you want in living are present in the county you choose.

Consider also the developments being made either at the present or future plans of the government.
Community status
should form part of your evaluations and an integral part of a Nassau County property search you are doing.

Make sure that crimes are minimal in the area or that the police force is doing its job in maintaining peace and order.To feel secure in the neighborhood is very important for your peace of mind and for the future of your children if you have any.

  • Compare Home values

Home values vary according to the type of the house, location and developments made to the property. In addition, make comparisons by year to see if the current market value is the same or has declined.

  • Get a Pre-approved Loan

Getting a pre-approved loan from the bank or any financial institution establishes your intention of buying the property.

This means you are serious of buying and not just out for a Nassau County property search.Buying a home may be risky but it is fulfilling. It is a place where you relax, decorate and raise your children.

Though you have to be practical in purchasing, keep in mind that fulfillment and happiness are something that money cannot buy.